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Area Forecast Discussion

Forecast Discussion for BOX NWS Office
000
FXUS61 KBOX 171703
AFDBOX

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Boston/Norton MA
103 PM EDT Wed Apr 17 2024

.SYNOPSIS...
Sunshine will become filtered by some mid and high level cloudiness
this afternoon with developing sea breezes resulting in much cooler
temperatures along the coast. Some showers will impact mainly
western Massachusetts and northern Connecticut tonight into
Thursday. Dry for much of Friday with high pressure in control. A cold front
brings another round of light rain showers late Friday into early
Saturday. Dry for the rest of Saturday with gusty winds. The dry
stretch of weather continues as we head into early next week.

&&

.NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 PM THIS EVENING/...
10 AM Update...

Forecast remains on track. No changes in the latest update.

330 AM Update...

* Sunshine filtered through some mid-high level clouds this afternoon
* Cooler today...highs in the 50s along the coast & 60s inland

An upper level ridge axis will be approaching southern New England
from the west today. This will result in plenty of sunshine to start
the day...but some mid-high will spill in from the west this
afternoon especially across interior southern New England. This a
result of an approaching of a mid level warm front increasing the
forcing for ascent.

It will be cooler today...especially along the coast as the upper
level ridge axis results in a weak pressure gradient. This will
allow for sea breeze development...holding highs in the lower to
middle 50s along portions of the immediate coast. Further inland
away from the impact of the sea breezes...enough sunshine will allow
for high temps to reach the 60s with the mildest of those readings
in the lower CT River Valley.

&&

.SHORT TERM /6 PM THIS EVENING THROUGH 6 PM THURSDAY/...
Key Points...

* Some showers tonight & Thu...bulk of them west of ORE-ORH-PVD line
* Cool Thu...a few mainly interior showers highs upper 40s-middle 50s

Details...

Tonight and Thursday...

An approaching mid level warm front will bring some showers tonight
and into Thu...mainly southwest of an ORE-ORH-PVD line. The
approaching shortwave from the west runs into the upper level ridge
axis and will be deamplifying. In addition...high pressure across
Quebec will result in some low level dry air across eastern New
England.

Therefore...the main focus for some showers will be mainly near and
southwest of an ORE-ORH-PVD line tonight & Thu. We probably will see
a few brief light showers impact eastern MA/RI...but again the main
threat for showers will be across the interior. As for
temperatures...the clouds will keep overnight low temps mainly in
the lower to middle 40s. Onshore flow on Thu with lots of clouds
will keep high temps in the upper 40s to the middle 50s.

&&

.LONG TERM /THURSDAY NIGHT THROUGH TUESDAY/...
Highlights

* Showers/drizzle coming to an end Thu Night.

* Dry for much of Fri with temps returning to seasonable levels.

* Scattered rain showers late Fri into early Sat. Dry, mild and
  breezy for the rest of Sat and Sun.

* Still appears dry Mon and Tue.

Thursday Night...

Initially will have a shortwave over eastern NY/northern New England
Thu Night and a ridge axis over the eastern Great Lakes. The
shortwave lifts toward northern Maine by early Fri, while the ridge
builds into western New England. A frontal boundary will weaken
during this timeframe as high pressure re-establishes itself over
the Gulf of Maine.

Will have decreasing chances of precipitation as the night
progresses with the high building in. Still will have onshore E to
SE flow through this period. Did add some drizzle into the forecast
as it appears the NAM/FV3 guidance holds onto showers after
midnight. This could perhaps be the case, but with the high nudging
in we do lose some low level (1000-850 hPa) moisture. This is really
the only deviation from the NBM for this timeframe. Lows range from
the upper 30s to the low 40s.

Friday through Saturday...

The ridge axis will be overhead/nearby on early Fri. The ridge
builds offshore by late on Fri. In its wake a cutoff digs from
Ontario early on Fri into the central Great Lakes by late in the
day. Will have to watch a convectively driven shortwave lift from
the OH Valley into our region by late Fri. Though there is some
uncertainty with how things evolve with this shortwave. The deeper
trough digs into the eastern Great Lakes/northern New England by
late Sat. High pressure remains in control through much of Fri. Late
on Fri into early Sat a cold front sweeps through. Another high
nudges in from the OH Valley/Great Lakes for late Sat.

High pressure remains in control through much of Fri. The high
shifts further offshore late in the day. This allows a cold front to
begin sliding in from the west late in the day. Should see
temperatures rebound on Fri as flow becomes southerly. This will
advect 4-9 degree Celsius air at 925 hPa. Should see highs on Fri
top out in the 50s with perhaps some low 60s across the CT/Merrimack
Valley.

Did dial back the default NBM precip chances to later as it takes a
bit for the low levels (1000-850 hPa) to moisten. The NAM/GFS are
much more progressive and spread the precip in faster than the
international guidance (ECMWF/UKMET/GEM and ICON). For now have
leaned toward the slower solutions. Better shots for precip come
late Fri into early Sat as the front is sliding through. This
coincides when a 0.75-1 inch PWAT plume pushes through. Should see
this plume offshore and cold front by late Sat AM/early Sat
afternoon. Really not expecting a whole lot of precip given the
progressive nature of front. Thinking a few hundredths to perhaps 0.1
inches of QPF possible, which makes sense given ensembles only
showing mod probs (30-60 percent) of 24 hr QPF AOA 0.1 inches.

Depending on how much precip is realized from the front there could
be fire weather concerns on Sat. In the wake of the front will have
W to WNW flow at 850 hPa. Expecting a roughly 20-40 kt low level jet
in place. At this point it does not appear that it will be too
difficult to mix down these winds per the latest GFS Bukfit
soundings. Due to this have increased wind speeds/gusts a bit, but
may actually not be enough if we fully tap into the LLJ. Given the
excellent boundary layer mixing have also increased our temps and
lowered our dew points/RH values given we are still in pre-greenup.
Went toward the 10th percentile of guidance for RH values and temps
at the 75th. Not out of the question that there could be elevated
fire weather concerns depending on how much precip we realize. High
temps in the 60s on Sat with a few spots perhaps hitting the low 70s.

Sunday through Tuesday...

Cyclonic flow in place through this timeframe. Though will have a
mid level ridge build from the Upper Mississippi River Valley into
the Great Lakes and New England for early in the week. High pressure
will generally be in place through much of this period.

Dry and quiet weather anticipated through much of this timeframe.
There is a lot of uncertainty with how things evolve in the Tue
timeframe, so have just stuck with the NBM for now. This brings in
some rain chances late in the day.

Should note that it still could be a bit breezy with a well mixed
boundary layer on Sun. Likely another day where we could overachieve
on temps and drier conditions, so adjusted our temps up to the 75th
percentile of guidance and RH values/dew points to the lower end.
Highs top out in the upper 50s to low 60s on Sun. Temps will be near
to slightly warmer than seasonable levels for Mon and Tue.

&&

.AVIATION /17Z WEDNESDAY THROUGH SUNDAY/...
Forecast Confidence Levels:

Low - less than 30 percent.
Moderate - 30 to 60 percent.
High- greater than 60 percent.

18z TAF Update...

Though 00z...High Confidence.

VFR with increasing mid to high clouds across the interior this
afternoon. Light NNE winds becoming light S this afternoon, except
for localized seas breezes along the coastline.

Tonight and Thursday...High Confidence.

Some MVFR ceilings and light showers develop tonight across
western MA/CT with the best chance near and west of the CT
River. These conditions will persist at times into Thursday.
Meanwhile, across eastern MA/RI mainly VFR conditions are
expected. Light SE winds tonight becoming E between 5 and 10
knots on Thursday.

KBOS TAF...High confidence in TAF.

Classic E/ESE sea breeze develops at the terminal by mid to
late morning.

KBDL TAF...High confidence in TAF.

Outlook /Thursday Night through Sunday/...

Thursday Night: Mainly VFR, with local MVFR possible. Breezy.
Slight chance SHRA, patchy DZ.

Friday: Mainly VFR, with local MVFR possible. Slight chance
SHRA.

Friday Night: Mainly VFR, with local IFR possible. Breezy.
Chance SHRA.

Saturday: VFR. Breezy. Slight chance SHRA.

Saturday Night through Sunday: VFR. Breezy.

&&

.MARINE...
Forecaster Confidence Levels:

Low - less than 30 percent.
Medium - 30 to 60 percent.
High - greater than 60 percent.

Today...High Confidence.

A ridge of high pressure overhead will keep winds/seas below small
craft advisory thresholds today. NE winds 5-15 knots will shift to
the SE.

Tonight and Thursday...High Confidence.

A weak wave of low pressure will drop southeast across the mid-
Atlantic States with high pressure moving across the eastern
Canadian Maritimes into Thu. This will result in SE winds this
evening shifting to the E by Thu morning at speeds of 10 to 15
knots. Some gusts up to 25 knots with marginal 5 foot seas may
develop by Thursday across our southern waters. Later shifts may
need to consider a small craft advisory...but it is marginal and 3rd
period so will wait another cycle.

Outlook /Thursday Night through Sunday/...

Thursday Night: Winds less than 25 kt. Seas locally approaching
5 ft. Slight chance of rain showers, patchy drizzle.

Friday: Winds less than 25 kt. Seas locally approaching 5 ft.

Friday Night through Saturday: Winds less than 25 kt. Areas of
seas approaching 5 ft. Chance of rain showers.

Saturday Night: Low risk for Small Craft Advisory winds with
gusts up to 25 kt. Areas of seas approaching 5 ft.

Sunday: Winds less than 25 kt.

&&

.BOX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
CT...None.
MA...None.
RI...None.
MARINE...None.

&&

$$

SYNOPSIS...Frank/BL
NEAR TERM...Frank/BL/Dooley
SHORT TERM...Frank
LONG TERM...BL
AVIATION...BL/Dooley
MARINE...Frank/BL

NWS BOX Office Area Forecast Discussion

 



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